Robert James “Bobby” Fischer (Eng. Robert James “Bobby” Fischer, Chicago, 9 March 1943 – Reykjavik, 17 January 2008) was a grandmaster and former world chess champion, who on September 1, 1972 he became the first American chess player who won the world championship organized by the World chess Federation. In 1975, he officially lost the title when the World Chess Federation rejected his conditions for a title defense. Garry Kasparov wrote that of all the world champions in chess, the gap between Fischer and his contemporaries was the largest in the history of chess.
Fischer’s victory over Soviet champion Boris Spassky for the world title in the “match of the century” seen as a symbolic victory for the West, which has sparked international popularity of chess. His opponent is portrayed, especially in the United States, as the product of impersonal, mechanical and repressive system of state control, while Fisher was the lone genius who defeated Soviet domination. As a national hero, the Americans were willing to forgive him strange behavior and views, in popular culture it has become a symbol of genius whose brilliance was so great that it is eventually destroyed.
Fischer did not defend his title in 1975 because he could not reach an agreement with the international chess federation FIDE details about the conditions. Then he became more withdrawn and did not play competitive matches until 1992, when he won the re-match against Spassky. The competition was held in Yugoslavia, which was then under stringent embargo UN. This led to conflict with the US government, which is why he never returned to his native land.
After that, he lived in Hungary, Germany, the Philippines and Japan. During this period he did his fiercely anti-American and anti-Semitic statements, despite his Jewish origins.
“Chess and me, it’s hard to take them apart. It’s like my alter ego.”